Fronsac

Wines, châteaux and description of Fronsac. Click on the château name to go to their website.

Fronsac

A

Château Angélus

Premier Grand Cru Classe A

 

Château l'Archange

 

Château Armens

 

Château L'Arrosée

 

Château Ausone

Premier Grand Cru Classe A

 

B

Clos Badon Thunevin

Château Balestard La Tonelle

 

Château Barde Haut

 

Château Beau Séjour Bécot

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Beauséjour Duffau Lagarrosse

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Bélair Monange

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Bellefont Belcier

 

Château Bellevue

 

Château Bellevue Mondotte

 

Château Bergat

 

Château Berliquet

 

Château Boutisse

 

C

Château Cadet Bon

 

Château Piola

 

Château de Candale

 

Château Canon

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Canon La Gaffelière

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Cantin

 

Château Cap de Mourlin

 

Château Carteau Côtes Daugay

 

Château Le Castelot

 

Château Le Chatelet

 

Château Chauvin

 

Château Cheval Blanc

Premier Grand Cru Classe A

 

Château La Clotte

 

Château La Commanderie

 

Château La Confession

 

Cave Coopérative:

Union des Producteurs de St-Emilion

 

Château Corbin

 

Château Corbin Michotte

 

Château Côte de Baleau

 

Château La Couspaude

 

Château Coutet

 

Couvent des Jacobins

Clos de la Cure

 

D

Château Dassault

 

Château Daugay

 

Château Destieux

 

Le Dôme

 

Château La Dominique

Clos Dubreuil

 

F

Château Faugères

 

Château Faurie de Souchard

 

Château de Ferrand

 

Château Figeac

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château La Fleur

 

Château Fleur Cardinale

 

Château La Fleur Morange

 

Château Fombrauge

 

Château de Fonbel

 

Château Fonplégade

 

Château Fonroque

Clos Fourtet

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Franc Mayne

 

G

Château La Gaffelière

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château La Gomerie

 

Château la Grâce Dieu Les Menuts

 

Château Gracia

 

Château Grand Barrail Lamarzelle Figeac

 

Château Grand Corbin

 

Château Grand Corbin Despagne

 

Château Grand Corbin Manuel

 

Château Grand Faurie La Rose

 

Château Grand-Mayne

 

Château Grand Pontet

 

Château Les Grands Murailles

 

Château Guadet

 

H

Château Haut-Brisson

 

Château Haut La Grace Dieu

 

Château Haut Rocher

 

Château Haut Sarpe

 

Château Haut Troquart La Grâce Dieu

 

I

Château L'If

 

J

Clos des Jacobins

Château Jean Faure

 

L

Château Laforge

 

Château Laniote

 

Château Larcis Ducasse

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Larmande

 

Château Laroque

 

Château Laroze

 

Château Lassiègue

 

Château Louvie

 

M

Clos la Madeleine

Château Magdelaine

 

Château Mangot

 

Château La Marzelle

 

Château Matras

 

Château Milon

 

Château Monbousquet

 

La Mondotte

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Montlabert

 

Château Moulin du Cadet

 

Château Moulin St Georges

O

Clos de l'Oratoire

 

P

Château Pas de l'Ane

 

Château Patris

 

Château Pavie

Premier Grand Cru Classe A

 

Château Pavie Decesse

 

Château Pavie Macquin

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Péby Faugères

 

Château Petit Faurie De Soutard

 

Château Petit Gravet Aîné

Château Pierre 1er (formerly Château Croix Figeac)

 

Château Pindefleurs

 

Château Pipeau

 

Château Pontet Fumet

 

Château de Pressac

 

Château Le Prieuré

 

Q

Château Quinault L'Enclos

 

Château Quintus

 

R

Château La Révérence

 

Château Ripeau

 

Château Rochebelle

 

Château Rocheyron

 

Château Rol Valentin

 

Château Rolland Maillet

Château Roylland

 

Château Rozier

 

S

Château St Georges Côte Pavie

Clos St Julien

Clos St Martin

 

Château Sansonnet

 

Château La Serre

 

Château Soutard

 

T

Château Tertre Daugay

 

Château Tertre Rôteboeuf

 

Château Teyssier

 

Château La Tour Figeac

 

Château La Tour du Pin

 

Château La Tour du Pin Figeac (Giraud Bélivier)

 

Château Tour St Christophe

 

Château Trianon

 

Château Troplong Mondot

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Trottevieille

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

V

Château du Val d'Or

 

Château de Valandraud

Premier Grand Cru Classe B

 

Château Vieux Fortin

 

Château Villemaurine

 

Y

Château Yon Figeac

Saint Émilion is on the Right bank of the Dordogne river, 35 km northeast of Bordeaux, in an area called the  Libournais, with Libourne being the Capital. The village itself is medieval UNESCO World Heritage Site, and retains much ancient and renovated architecture, full of steep and narrow streets. It has a population of about 2000, a decline from 3500 in the 1960's and correlates with the relentless tourism. The loss of tax revenue has caused the village to sell off numerous properties.

 

The first vines were planted here by the Romans during the 2nd century under Decimus Magnus Ausonius, the root of Château Ausone. The village was originally called Ascumbas, but was renamed in the 8th century when a famous Breton called Émilion, or Aemilianus, settled in one of the nearby caves and made carvings. The clifftop church is built around his cell.

The main grape varieties are Merlot and Cabernet Franc, with a little Cabernet Sauvignon and a tiny amount of Malbec in some places. Locally Malbec is called Noir de Pressac and Cabernet Franc is called Bouchet. Vine density is about 5500 per hectare, and this has declined over time as the wine has become more prestigious. In the 1970's there was a big push to plant more Cabernet Sauvignon, due to the worry that Merlot was prone to rot. This was somewhat of a disaster though, as the Cabernet Sauvignon often failed to ripen in time.

On average the region produces about 32 million bottles of wine a year. There is an average rainfall of 800 mm a year, though this varies from 450 to 1200 mm. The plateau regions are mostly loam and clay soils on a limestone base, whereas the western areas can be quite gravelly and some northen patches are silt and sand. 

Every September the region celebrates the 'nuit du patrimoine', or 'heritage night', where members of the winemaking guild, called the Jurade, parade in their red caps and robes decorated with white ermine. A senior Jurat then ascends the village tower with a trumpeter and declares the “Ban des Vendanges”, or the date the harvest can begin. This is followed by an evening of fireworks. This rather antiquated organisation dates from 1199 and the charter of Falaise, created by King John of England granting regional power to the Jurade, and was revamped in 1948.

Saint Émilion was left out of the Bordeaux wine classification of 1855, and so in 1955 it produced its own unique classification system, which is updated more more regularly (1996, 2006, 2012). It divides into Grand Cru Classe and the higher level Premier Grand Cru Classe. This higher category then divides into A and B. There are only 4 château listed as A, listed in pink, and B is listed in blue.

 

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Unlike the Bordeaux system, châteaux in the Saint Émilion system are often demoted if they fail to sustain wines fit for the rank. However, after 2006 this led to endless litigation in the courts by bitter châteaux owners and temporary suspension of the system. More demoted châteaux tried to derail the 2012 classification but failed.  It has been argued that the system rewards only a certain style of wine, and I think this may be true. For a brutally interesting article on this topic click here.

In 1884 Saint Émilion was the first wine region in France to create a Syndicat Viticole, which is like a union of wine makers.

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