Wines, châteaux and description of Pessac Léognan. Click on the château name to go to their website.
The Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) of the Haut Benauge was formed in 1936. It is located on the watershed, between the Garonne and the Dordogne rivers, in the heart of Entre Deux Mers about 40 km south east of Bordeaux. The altitude varies between 60 and 140m, full of gentle hills, plateaux and valleys.
Famous for its Mœlleux, a medium sweet white wine bursting with citrus flavor and exotic fruit aromas. It consists of 9 communes:
Saint Pierre de Bat
General wines from the region can be labelled simply as Entre Deux Mers, Vin de Bordeaux, or Bordeaux Supérieur for red or whites.
The label AOC Entre Deux Mers Haut Benauge is for the pale gold, fruity, dry white wines that are best drunk between 2 and 4 years old. The label AOC Bordeaux Haut Benauge is for mellow and smooth mœlleux. Curiously, all wines can name themselves Château de Benauge after the château in the town of Arbis.
To be labelled Haut Benauge they must have a maximum yield of 45 hectolitres per hectare
and be at least 11.5% alcohol, maximum 13%,
and use the white grapes below. Usually well ripened grapes with sugar content above 195g per litre are used.
The main white grape varieties are Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc or Gris, and Muscadelle. Accessory grape varieties are Merlot Blanc, Colombard, Mauzac, Ondenc, Ugni Blanc. The total percentage of these accessory grape varieties in the encépagement cannot exceed 30%.
Red grape varieties include Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Carmenère, Merlot, Malbec, and Petit Verdot.
The region spans 200 hectares and produces approximately 410 hectolitres a year, about 1.2 million bottles. It has a slight microclimate due to local depressions that can encourage mist and fog to settle and encourage Botrytis.
The soils are limestone, gravel, silts, molasse de l'Agenais (a soft sandstone with clay and micaceous carbonate), along with calcaire à astéries (yellowish sandstone biocalcarenites).